What is bio-intensive gardening, and how is it prepared? Bio-intensive gardening is an umbrella term to describe methods for growing many plants in a small space. Bio-intensive is a part of an organic system that focuses on increasing the quality of the soil and yield in small spaces. The main purpose of bio-intensive is to use less energy and water than traditional gardening methods.
How Bio-Intensive Gardening Is Prepared
Let’s now further discuss what bio-intensive gardening is and how it is prepared. The farmer loses up the soil at least twice or thrice with the same deep as a typical gardening preparation. In that way, the plant’s roots can penetrate the soil deeper and absorbs more nutrients and water from the underground. In addition, compost is another important aspect of bio-intensive soil building. Through composting, you were able to return the nutrients into the soil after taking them out.
The bio-intensive gardening sustains any plants that are available in your garden. The only difference of bio-intensive to other methods is how the plants in bio-intensive garden grow. You can say that our farmers are using the land efficiently, with that they were able to plant more in the limited space they have.
The first thing you have to do in preparing for your bio-intensive garden is you have to organize your gardening tools, materials, and supplies. After you settle the tools that you are going to use, make a plan. If you have to draw to plot your strategy, you can do that. Plan bed shapes and sizes to avoid mistakes.
The third step in preparing your bio-intensive garden is to clean the area. Skim away all the unnecessary organic things. The fourth step is to rake the soil and remove the plants.
After the fourth step, this is the time that you are going to apply your compost. After putting the compost, it is now time to plant your seeds!
The Principles of Bio-Intensive Gardening
The following principles are important in bio-intensive gardening:
- Soil Deep Preparation – Loosening the soil down only goes for about six to eight inches deep for typical agricultural land. Soil destroys when you dig or plow deeply. In the bio-intensive system, double digging is a type of conservation tillage that produces larger yields.
- Plant Spacing – Practice planting a plant in hexagonal shapes instead of planting it in rows. Roots can grow deeper once the soil is plowed deeply, and the plants have spaces close together. When the roots grow deeper, it will help in increasing yields from two to six times the yields from traditional agriculture.
- Composting – Use the bio-intensive growers pile materials in your garden instead of using heaping compost distant piles. Bio-intensive gardeners focus on growing their compost and devote at least sixty percent of the growing area to dual-purpose crops that will grow both food and compost.
- Calorie Farming – Calorie farming involves growing certain calorie-dense root crops such as sweet potatoes, potatoes, and leeks that yield well in a small area. A grower can produce a nutrition-balanced diet on minimal space with an optimum balance of carbon crops and special root crops. The Ecology Action is working on a diet design. It will enable one person to grow a complete diet.
- Companion Planting – This principle allows you to maximize the relationship between people, plants, and insects. It is about choosing the plants that can help other plants in repelling certain pests.
Now you know what bio-intensive gardening is and how it is prepared. Bio-intensive gardening is very innovative in these days. Even small gardeners to big-time farmers use this method. Unlike big farms, the bio-intensive method is less maintenance. It will allow you to plant your desired vegetables and fruits. Just remember the principles of bio-intensive for your guide. Bio-intensive gardening helps your soil re-establish and regain its nutrients. Get more tips on garden preparations.