Vegetable Garden Planting Chart

As you plan which foods that you’d like to grow in your garden, remember that among other things, you must also take the following into account:

Soil pH Requirements of Different Garden Vegetables

Vegetable Gardening Basics (Planning, Preparing the soil, and Planting)

Identifying Your Soil Type

Note: This does not include plotting for Square Foot Gardening

Food Vegetable Start Seed
Indoors
Plant in Garden
S = Seed
P = Plant
Seed
Spacing
Distance
Between Rows
Seed Depth Days to
Maturity
YIELD PER
100′ ROW
Artichokes Feb-Mar S – After Frost
P – After Frost
36″ 48″ 1/2″ 365 35+ heads
Asparagus n/a P – Mar-April 8″ between root tips 34-36″ 1/4-1/2″ 365 400+ spears
Beans, Bush (snap) n/a S – After Frost 4-6″ 18″ 1″ 60-64 80 lbs
Beans, bush (dry) n/a S – After Frost 4-6″ 24″ 1″ 90-100 8 lbs
Beans, Pole n/a S – After Frost 8″ 36″ 1″ 70-85 150 lbs
Beans, Fava n/a S – After Frost 8″ 36″ 1″ 180 20 lbs
Beans, Lima n/a S – After Frost 4-6″ 36″ 1″ 85 12 lbs
Beets n/a S – Early Spring 1″ 5″ 3/4″ 50-80 100 lbs
Bitter Melon March S – After Frost 4′ 3′ 1-2″ 90 180 melons
Broccoli Early Spring S – 3/1 – 6/15
P – 3/1 – 6/15
18-24″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 55-90 75 lbs
Broccoli, Overwintering 7/15 – 8/1 S – Mid Summer 18-24″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 220-250 75 lbs
Brussels Sprouts February P – March
S – 6/1 – 7/15
15-18″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 100-180 60 lbs
Burdock n/a S – 4/1 – 5/1 4′ 42″ 2″ 100 100 lbs
Cabbage, Early Early Spring P – 4/15 – 6/15 4-6″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 70-85 60 heads
Cabbage, Late Late Spring S – 5/15 – 7/15 4-6″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 85-210 60 heads
Chinese Cabbage Early Spring S – 4/15 – 6/15 4-6″ 12-18″ 1/2″ 75-80 60 heads
Carrots n/a S – Early Spring 2-3″ 12-16″ 1/4″ 70-90 100 lbs
Cauliflower, Early Early Spring S – Early Spring
P – Spring
18-24″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 50-80 60 Heads
Cauliflower, Late Late Spring S -6/15 – 7/15 18-24″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 80-140 60 Heads
Cauliflower, Overwinter Late Spring S – 7/1 – 8/15 18-24″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 200-260 60 heads
Celery Early Spring S – 3/15 – 5/1 12″ 18″ 1/4″ 100 100 heads
Collards 5/1 – 6/20 S -After Frost 12″ 24″ 1/2″ 80 75 lbs
Corn 5/1 – 6/15 S – After Frost 6-10″ 30″ 1 1/2-2″ 60-100 8 dos. ears
Corn, Popcorn 5/1 – 6/15 S – After Frost 6″ 32″ 1 1/2-2″ 60-100 15 lbs
Corn Salad 3/1 – 6/1 S – Early Spring 3″ 12-20″ 1/4 – 1/2″ 50 40 lbs
Cress 3/1 – 6/1 S – Early Spring 3″ 12-20″ 1/4″ 12-50 35 lbs
Cucumbers 5/1 – 7/15 S – After Frost 36″ 5-6″ hill 55-75 120 lbs
Kale 3/1 – 6/15 S – Early Spring
P – Early Spring
12″ 18-24″ 1/2″ 60-70 75 lbs
Kohlrabi 4/1 – 8/10 S – Early Spring 4″ 12-18″ 1/2-1″ 60 50 lbs
Leeks 3/1 – 5/15 S – Early Spring
P – After Frost
2″ 18″ 1/2″ 120 150 stalks
Lettuce 4/1 – 8/1 S – Early Spring 10-12″ 16″ 1/4″ 65-80 50 lbs
Luffa Spring S – Spring
P – After Frost
4′ 4″ 1-2″ 120 200 fruits
Chicory/Endive S -4/1 – 5/1 S -Spring 8-12″ 18-24″ 1/8-1/4″ 50-75 90 heads
Melons Spring S – 5/1 – 6/20 6-10′ 1 1/2″ 55-85 50-100 lbs
Mustard 3/1-8/15 S – Early Spring 6/8″ 18″ 1/2″ 30-60 100 lbs
Mustard. American 4/1 – 6/15 S -After Frost 24″ 18-24″ 1/2-1″ 45 50 lbs
Okra 5/01 – 6/15 S – After Frost 2″ 36″ 1/2″ 50-60 300+ pods
Onions 3/5 – 6/1 S – Early Spring
P – Early Spring
1/4-1/2″ 12-18″ 1/2″ 100-120 100 lbs
Parsley 3/1 – 6/1 S – Early Spring 1/2″ 12-18″ 1/2″ 80-90 30 lbs
Parsnips 4/1 – 6/15′ S – Late Spring’ 3-4″ 12-18″ 1/2″ 120 75 lbs
Peas 10/1 – 6/1 S – Late Fall, Early Spring 1″ 18-24″ 1″ 95-120 20 lbs
Peppers 3/15 – 4/15 S – After Frost
P – After Frost
12-18″ 18-24″ 1/4″ 80+ 50 lbs
Pumpkins 4/15 – 5/15 S – Late Spring
P – After Frost
hill 8-10′ 1 1/2″ 90+ 300 lbs
Purslane 4/1 – 7/1 SLate Spring 6-10″ 12-20″ 1/4″ 50 40 lbs
Radish 3/1 – 8-15 S – Early Spring 1/2″ 10″ 1/2″ 25-35 200 roots
Rhubarb 3/1 – 5/15 S – Early Spring 4′ 5-6′ 1/4-1/2″ 365 150 roots
Rutabaga 5/1 – 6/15 S – Late Spring 1/2-1″ 18-24″ 1/2″ 90-95 150 lbs
Shallots 3/1 – 5/15 S – Early Spring
P – Early Spring
5-6″ 12-20″ 1/4-1/2″ 90 25 lbs
Sorrel 5/1 – 7/1 S – Late Spring 6-10″ 12-20″ 1/2″ 50 40 lbs
Spinach 3/1 – 8/15 S – Early Spring 3″ 12-18″ 1/2″ 40-50 40 lbs
Squash, Summer 4/15 – 6/15 S – Early Spring
P – After Frost
hill 4′ 1 1/2″ 55-70 200 lbs
Squash, Winter 5/15 – 6/15 S – Spring
P – After Frost
hill 6-10′ 1 1/2″ 100-120 200 lbs
Swiss Chard 4/1 – 7/15 S – Early Spring 1/2-1″ 18-24″ 1/2-1″ 60 40 lbs
Turnips 5/1 – 8/15 S – Early Spring 1/4-1/2 12″ 1/2″ 30-55 50 lbs
Tomatoes Early Spring S – Early Spring
P – After Frost
12- 15″ 18-24″ 1/4″ 60+ 150 lbs
Watermelons 5/1 – 6/01 S – Spring
P – After Frost
4-6′ 6-10′ 1 1/2″ 55-85 50-100 lbs

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