Ground Covers: Their Establishment and Maintenance

Table 1.
GROUND COVERS RECOMMENDED FOR FULL SUN
Common Name Scientific Name Height Zone*
Andorra Juniper Juniperus horizontalis plumosa 18-24" 6, 7, 8
Big Leaf Periwinkle Vinca major 12-15" 6, 7, 8
Blue Fescue Festuca ovina glauca 4-6" 6, 7
Blue Rug Juniper Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltoni' 1-2" 6, 7, 8
Cotoneaster Cotoneaster species 1-3' 6, 7
Daylily Hemerocallis species 18-24" 6, 7, 8
Dwarf Japgarden Juniper Juniperus procumbens 'Nana' 6-8" 6, 7, 8
Evergreen Candytuft Iberis sempervirens 6-8" 6, 7
Hall's Honeysuckle Lonicera japonica halliana 18-24" 6, 7, 8
Lavender Cotton Santolina chamaecyparissus 18-24" 6, 7, 8
Liriope Liriope muscari 14-20" 6, 7, 8
Mondo Grass (Dwarf Lilyturf) Ophiopogon japonicus 6-10" 6, 7, 8
Moss Verbena Verbena tenusecta 8-12" 8
Parsons Juniper Juniperus davurica 'Expansa' 18-24" 6, 7, 8
Periwinkle Vinca minor 3-6" 6, 7, 8a
Purple Wintercreeper Euonymus fortunei coloratus 6" 6, 7
Sargent Juniper Juniperus chinensis sargentii 12" 6, 7, 8
Shore Juniper Juniperus conferta 18-24" 6, 7, 8
St. Johnswort (Arons Beard) Hypericum calycinum 12" 6, 7
Thrift (Moss Pink) Phlox subulata 2" 6, 7, 8
GROUND COVERS RECOMMENDED FOR SHADE
Common Name Scientific Name Height Zone
Algerian Ivy Hedera canariensis 8-10" 8
Ardisia Ardisia japonica 6-8" 8
Asiatic Jasmine Trachelospermum asiaticum 2-4" 7, 8
Bugleweed Ajuga reptans 2-3" 6, 7, 8
English Ivy Hedera helix 6-8" 6, 7, 8
Hall's Honeysuckle Lonicera japonica halliana 18-24" 6, 7, 8
Holly Fern Cyrtomium falcatum 24-30" 8b
Japanese Spurge Pachysandra terminalis 6-8" 6, 7
Lenten Rose Helleborus orientalis 12-15" 6, 7
Liriope Liriope muscari 14-20" 6, 7, 8
Mondo Grass Ophiopogon japonicus 6-10" 6, 7, 8
Plantain Lily Hosta species 6"-3' 6, 7, 8
Periwinkle Vina minor and Vinca major 3-6" (18") 6, 7
Purple Wintercreeper Euonymus fortunei coloratus 6" 6, 7
St. Johnswort Hypericum calycinum 12-15" 6, 7

* Refer to Plant Hardiness Zone Map

Table 2.
Nitrogen Material % Nitrogen Amount Per 1000 Square Feet Amount Per 100 Square Feet Amount Per 10 Square Feet
Ammonium Nitrate 33.5 3 pounds 4.8 ounces (3/4 cup) 0.48 ounce (1 tablespoon)
Sodium Nitrate 16 6 pounds 9.6 ounces (1½ cups) 0.96 ounce (2 tablespoons)
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