Cruciferous Vegetables and Winter Gardening
Dig in now - with cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower transplants - and a healthy
harvest of these cancer-preventing vegetables will be ready to serve within
two or three months.
It is not too late to plant broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower, even in September
in most places. These vegetables will survive most winters and then be ready to
harvest in February through March.
Cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli are among vegetables known as cruciferous -
so named for the cross-like shape of their flowers - and have been widely
documented in research around the world as having properties that prevent cancer.
These vegetables should be planted in a sunny location, in rich,
well-drained soil. All are hardy annuals that will tolerate evening temperatures
in the 40-70 degrees range, so gardeners should watch weather reports and cover
plants during occasional freezing spells which last 24 hours or longer.
One can easily plant these vegetables in existing flower
beds around the home if a formal vegetable garden space is not possible.
Here are some other facts to consider when raising these crops at home:
Broccoli - a 10-foot row yields about 10-20 pounds. For each person,
raise about 8-10 pounds, depending on how much the members of the family
like it. This plant requires 65-110 days from planting to
maturity. Multiple harvests can be made from each plant.
Cabbage - a 10-foot row produces 10-18 pounds. Plan to raise 15 pounds
per person. Allow 65-100 days from transplanting to maturity.
Cauliflower - a 10-foot row makes 15-20 pounds, and one should allot
8-10 pounds per person. From planting to maturity, count on 65-90 days.
Common Cruciferous Vegetables
Chinese broccoli (kai-lan)
Rapini (broccoli rabe)
chinese cabbage, napa cabbage
turnip root; greens
wrapped heart mustard cabbage
mustard seeds, brown; greens
mustard seeds, white
mustard seeds, black
All of earth is crammed with heaven, and every bush aflame with God.
But only those who see take off their shoes.
- Elizabeth Barrett Browning
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